The Five Steps That Will Ensure PR Success For Your Startup

The startup world is very exciting.

It is also very challenging.

All you have to do is watch a few episodes of HBO’s “Silicon Valley” to see it in action.

Similar adjectives can be used to define startup PR. Exhilarating, yet frustrating.

You are regularly changing on a dime, which requires you to create a solid story and keep perfecting it to engage and grow your audience.

Startups need PR.

That much is true and on which just about every startup agrees.

The challenge becomes how exactly does a startup ensure PR success.

Startups tend to get into this “instant gratification” mode and think PR just happens.

There’s no work.

PR is this miracle drug that instantly solves their problems so they’re on their way to becoming the next Apple, Google, or Slack.

Since we, at M4 Communications, work with early and mid-stage startups to help them start on the right foot, by implementing strategic marketing and customer experience practices, sometimes the conversation goes like this:

Prospective startup client: “Get me into TechCrunch.”

Me: “Ok, what do you have?”

Prospective startup client: “I have a great beta of a product that’s going to disrupt the industry.”

Me: “What else?”

Prospective startup client: “Like I said, I have this great beta…”

Me: “Great, tell me your story.”

Prospective startup client: (dead silence)

Startups need to understand PR is not a destination; it is a journey. In fact, it is more accurate to treat PR as a mindset.

Startups need to understand PR is not a destination; it is a journey. Click To Tweet

So, to address these concerns, startups that implement these five key steps will ensure  PR success for themselves.

Craft and Perfect Your Story For PR Success

This is the starting point for all startups.

Know who you are, what you do, and why people should care.

What is the unmet need you are solving? How are you disrupting your industry?

Craft a story around how you came to be, what the problem is and how you are solving it.

Communicate how you are different from your competition and substitutes (yep, substitutes is a form of competition).

You’ll continuously be tweaking your story because this is the story you tell to pitch investors, media, analysts, etc.

As you tweak your story and build content around it, you must focus on the four C’s of communications:

-Be consistent
-Be clear
-Be concise
-Be community-centered

Do all four in concert will ensure you are always “on message” that aligns with your audience and brand.

The result?

Corporate growth, the golden ticket everyone is after.

Be passionate and empathic.

Journalists love this and what they want to share with their audience.

This leads to the next point…

Think Like an Editor

Understand that a journalist (for traditional or online media), or a blogger, has a job to do and that is to grow and sustain their reading audience, otherwise, they are out of business.

Your job is to match your message to the appropriate medium.

So, don’t spam every Tom, Dick, and Mary journalist who could cover you with your news that, for the most part, is irrelevant to his or her readers.

Instead, do your due-diligence and research media outlets and journalists at those sites.

You can do this organically through focusing on media and blogger sites that would be a fit, or you can use a service like Cision, or MuckRack, to find journalists in the aggregate.

Create a manageable list of potential journalists who might be a fit to cover you.

Read journalists’ prior and current posts to understand their voice, what they like and don’t like, and what motivates them.

Also, look at the comments to see how readers are engaging with their content.

Follow journalists and bloggers at their social media accounts to see the content they are sharing, who they follow and how they engage with people.

This will give you the intel you need to be specific, tight, and focused with your pitch and news positioning.

If the journalist has covered your news before, you’ll understand the voice of the journalist and can offer a different or unique take on it that will appeal to their readers.

Always be thinking of how you can add value to the journalist’s job.

Remember, too, to always be prompt when responding to journalists.

And, have a user-friendly online press kit that they can easily access.

Double Down On Relationship Building

One mantra that has stayed with me is ABC — “always be connecting.”

Wherever I am, I am always connecting with new people.

Startups, unlike an established brand, are creating awareness while trying to promote a product.

This means building relationships becomes very important and is especially key when working with the media.

When you have determined the media you want to work with through your research, pick a manageable number of journalists you want to develop relationships with, say three or four per quarter, and focus on them.

Create a relationship development strategy – I call it LEAP – that includes:

Listen – listen to what they say, what they like, what they don’t like, their hobbies, their interests, and know their preferred means of contact.

Engage – share their content on social media, as well as commenting and interacting with them online and at events such as industry conferences.

Assist – if they are working on an article for a particular subject, and you know the subject and can connect them with resources, do so.

Promote – promote what you are doing, but only when the time is right. Remember, there is a right and wrong time to promote.

You are establishing trust and credibility with the journalist, so they know you can be counted on. Remember, that building trust takes time so enjoy the process.

While forging new relationships organically, startups can also reach out to journalists looking for sources.

This is another avenue to help startups build credibility.

Services such as HARO (Help a Reporter Out), ProfNet (now part of Cision), Media Kitty, PitchRate, and SourceBottle among others help connect journalists with sources they need.

Get Engrained in the PESO Model

I first learned about the PESO model years ago from Gini Dietrich.

The acronym stands for Paid, Earned, Shared, and Owned media.

The following diagram lays out what each media type is.


We live in a very content-driven society and PR is no longer only about generating news releases and getting a journalist to report on your news or write about you.

PR goes beyond that—it now includes numerous tactics which all must work together to properly tell your story.

There are a couple of key points to make here.

-Understand each component of the PESO model, how and when each is used, and how each works with the other three to form the complete PESO model.
-The goal of the PESO model is to ultimately turn your owned media into earned media because third-party credibility still reigns supreme. To do that, startups must understand what their audience wants and communicate authentic stories that resonate with and excite them, and that cause them to act.

Don’t Go at PR Alone

One tip entrepreneurs are taught is to not go into a new venture alone, have a co-founder, or a co-founding team.

The same should be said about PR.

To achieve PR success, don’t go at it alone. Have partners.

Consider using your employees and customers for PR help.

Through your employee engagement and customer experience programs, you have identified engaged employees and delighted customers.

They are your best brand advocates.

Ask them to help you create content, push through content to their networks, and introduce you to journalists and other key influencers.

So, as your startup evolves, so do your PR efforts.

Stay on message and give employees, customers, journalists, and other key influencers a stellar experience and they will want to rave about you.

And, that will lead to PR success for your startup.

A version of this post originally appeared on Spin Sucks.


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